Congress this week returned from the longest election recess break since 1960 and immediately began posturing on an upcoming spending bill and other possible available options for the lame duck session. A temporary extension of fiscal 2015 spending expires on Dec. 11. Congressional appropriators spent the week urging passage of a complete full-year spending package, which would include funding for health agencies and programs. Alternatively, some Republicans suggest a further spending bill extension, which would shift spending decisions into January.
The U.S. had no Ebola patients for only a few days this week. Following the release of a NY physician on Tuesday, a new patient from Sierra Leone arrives in Nebraska on Saturday. The administration’s emergency funding request for Ebola response activities, both in West Africa and domestic preparedness was examined on Wednesday in a Senate hearing (view Roll Call video). Separately, a House committee hearing on Thursday largely supported emergency funding to help the State Department respond to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa.
The biggest threat to the Ebola funding request appears to be if Congress resorts to a further extension of stopgap spending instead of a complete omnibus measure due to political pressures. In that case, a portion of the extra Ebola funding would likely be tacked onto a stopgap continuing resolution. However, the entire spending bill package is also threatened by possible Republican reaction to any White House action on immigration policies.
Meanwhile, a Senate committee this week set up a pathway for action on a measure (S 2917) adding Ebola drug research to an existing FDA drug development program. Action over the next few weeks is also possible on a bill (HR 5059) seeking to reduce veterans’ suicide rates. Also, the House on Thursday completed voting — and sent to the President — a bill renewing traumatic brain injury research programs (S 2539) and a measure urging the FDA to expedite the approval of sunscreen ingredients (S 2141).